Glossary beginning with C

Click on of the letters below to advance the page to terms beginning with that letter.
You can search for an item with the icon.
Cambridge Centre for Myelin Repair

This MS Society-funded programme has established a research centre of excellence at Cambridge University for developing new therapies for promoting myelin repair and preventing nerve fibre loss in MS patients. The centre will unite existing expertise in stem cells, brain repair and MS in a focused programme of work.

More on this topic
Campath-1H

Campath 1-H is a previously used name for alemtuzumab (brand name Lemtrada). It is a licensed first-line annual infusion treatment for people with active relapsing remitting MS.

More on this topic
CAMs

Complementary and alternative therapies, or CAMS, are broadly defined as health-related therapies and disciplines which are not considered to be part of mainstream medical care.

More on this topic
Cannabinoids

Cannabinoids are the active parts of the cannabis plant, found in the leaves, stems and flowers. Cannabis is deemed to be an illegal substance. However, a cannabis-based oral spray called Sativex is licensed for the treatment of spasticity in people with MS.

More on this topic
Cannabis

Cannabis is an illegal drug in the UK. However, a cannabis-based oral spray called Sativex is licensed for the treatment of spasticity in people with MS. At present, it is only available in Wales on the NHS.

More on this topic
Care and repair agencies

Care and repair agencies, also known as home improvement agencies, assist older and disabled people to improve, repair, maintain or adapt their home. There are local care and repair agencies across all four nations of the UK.

More on this topic
Care and Support Alliance

The Care and Support Alliance is a consortium of over 70 organisations that represent and support older and disabled people, including disabled children, those with long-term conditions, and their families. It campaigns to keep adult care funding and reform on the political agenda.

More on this topic
Care assessment

If you apply to your local authority for support, they will do a care assessment (sometimes called community care assessment) to find out what your care needs are and how they can be met - for example, health care, equipment, help in your home or residential care.

More on this topic
CAT scan

A CAT (computerised tomography) scan is a type of X-ray that produces a three-dimensional picture of the body. It is about 100 times more sensitive than a standard X-ray. It can be taken with or without a contrast dye. The dye, given as a drink or by injection, enhances the quality of the X-ray pictures.

More on this topic
Catheter

A catheter is a hollow tube used to drain bodily fluids. For some people with MS, using a catheter can help if they are not emptying their bladder fully.

More on this topic
CBT

CBT (cognitive behavioural therapy) is a talking therapy that can help you manage your problems by changing the way you think and behave. It is based on the concept that your thoughts, feelings, physical sensations and actions are interconnected, and that negative thoughts and feelings can trap you in a vicious cycle. CBT can help you to manage some of the symptoms of MS. It can't make them go away, but it can help you to cope better with them.

More on this topic
CCSVI

Chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) is a syndrome characterised by poor removal of oxygen-depleted blood from the central nervous system. This is thought to be caused by a constriction of blood vessels in the brain and neck which affects brain blood flow and drainage. Research studies and clinical trials have failed to show either a definitive link between this syndrome and MS, or the benefit of procedures designed to treat CCSVI. The MS Society does not recommend seeking this unproven treatment outside of a properly regulated clinical trial.

More on this topic
Central Nervous System

The central nervous system (CNS) is made up of the brain and spinal cord. It is responsible for controlling all the functions in the body.

More on this topic
Cerebrospinal fluid

Cerebrospinal fluid is a clear liquid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord.

More on this topic
Chromosome

The genetic material (DNA) inside cells is packed into tight coils called chromosomes. There are 23 pairs of chromosomes in every cell in the human body. These contain all the genetic information needed to make a human being.

More on this topic
Chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI)

Chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) is a syndrome characterised by poor removal of oxygen-depleted blood from the central nervous system. This is thought to be caused by a constriction of blood vessels in the brain and neck which affects brain blood flow and drainage. Numerous studies and clinical trials have failed to show either a definitive link between this syndrome and MS, or the benefit of procedures designed to treat CCSVI. The MS Society does not recommend seeking this unproven treatment outside of a properly regulated clinical trial.

More on this topic
CIS

CIS (clinically isolated syndrome) describes symptoms which, like MS, might be due to damaged myelin around nerve fibres. Unlike MS, there have been no previous attacks in CIS. Some people with CIS go on to have further attacks and, if test results support it, are diagnosed with MS. Some people never develop MS and the CIS will remain an isolated incident.

More on this topic
Citizens Advice Bureau

Citizens Advice Bureaux are a network of centres across the UK, providing advice and information on a wide range of issues including benefits, housing rights, consumer issues, money and debt.

More on this topic
Cladribine

Cladribine is a tablet currently being tested for people with relapsing remitting MS. Cladribine has traditionally been used as a cancer drug, because it kills immune cells (which are involved in the damage caused in MS).

More on this topic
Clinical commissioning groups

Clinical commissioning groups (CCGs) are groups of General Practices that work together to plan and design local health services. They are responsible for commissioning health care services across England.

More on this topic
Clinical trial

Clinical trials are research studies involving volunteers, which aim to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of unproven treatments. No matter how promising a new treatment may appear, it must go through a proper clinical trial before its benefits and risks can be certain.

More on this topic
Clinically Isolated Syndrome

CIS (clinically isolated syndrome) describes symptoms which, like MS, might be due to damaged myelin around nerve fibres. Unlike MS, there have been no previous attacks in CIS. Some people with CIS go on to have further attacks and, if test results support it, are diagnosed with MS. Some people never develop MS and the CIS will remain an isolated incident.

More on this topic
Clonus

Clonus describes a spasm where the muscles jerk repeatedly, for example if your foot taps repeatedly on the floor. This type of spasm can be a symptom of MS.

More on this topic
CNS

The central nervous system (CNS) is made up of the brain and spinal cord. It is responsible for controlling all the functions in the body.

More on this topic
Cognition

Cognition refers to attention, language, perception, memory and thinking. Some people with MS have problems with these processes, known as 'cognitive difficulties'.

More on this topic
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy

CBT (cognitive behavioural therapy) is a talking therapy that can help you manage your problems by changing the way you think and behave. It is based on the concept that your thoughts, feelings, physical sensations and actions are interconnected, and that negative thoughts and feelings can trap you in a vicious cycle. CBT can help you to manage some of the symptoms of MS. It can't make them go away, but it can help you to cope better with them.

More on this topic
Cold Weather Payments

If you are on a low income, a Cold Weather Payment may be available to help you for each week of very cold weather in your area.

More on this topic
Commissioning

Commissioning is the buying or procuring of services. It’s a term often used in health care, where it’s the job of an individual or an organisation to arrange the provision of health care services for individuals.

More on this topic
Community care assessment

A health and social care assessment with the social services department of your local council looks at your individual needs and discusses them with you, so the right support can be provided. Services you may need can include healthcare, equipment, help in your home or residential care.

More on this topic
Community care grant

Community care grants are available if you live in Northern Ireland, are on a low income and you need financial help to live independently in the community. If you live in England, Scotland or Wales, other sources of funding may be available.

More on this topic
Complementary therapies

Complementary and alternative medicine therapies (CAMS) are the name given to a broad group of health-related therapies and disciplines which are not considered to be part of mainstream medical care. They may be used alongside conventional healthcare and accepted as 'complementing' it, or they may be provided as an 'alternative' to conventional healthcare.

More on this topic
Constipation

Constipation describes bowel movements which are irregular, infrequent or difficult. It is a common symptom in MS.

More on this topic
Continuing healthcare

Continuing healthcare (sometimes known as fully funded NHS care) is care outside of hospital that is arranged and funded by the NHS. It is only available to people who have a complex medical condition and need a high level of care, which is primarily health care (rather than social care).

More on this topic
Contribution-based Jobseeker's Allowance

Jobseeker's Allowance is a benefit paid if you are not in full-time work but are actively looking for work. Contribution-based Jobseeker's Allowance is paid for six months if you have worked and paid enough National Insurance contributions in the relevant years.

More on this topic
Controlled experiment

In a controlled experiment, two virtually identical experiments are conducted, but the factor being tested is varied in only one of them. This allows researchers to isolate the causes of any change which occurs during the experiment.

More on this topic
Controlled trials

These are designed to compare a new treatment with a standard or usual therapy. One group are given the new treatment, while the others are given either the standard treatment or no treatment at all.

More on this topic
Copaxone

Copaxone is the brand name for glatiramer acetate, a licensed drug for relapsing remitting MS.

More on this topic
Corticosteroids

Corticosteroids are types of drugs that are sometimes used to treat relapses in MS as they can help to reduce inflammation.

More on this topic
Council tax reduction

If you have a low income or you receive certain benefits, you can apply for a reduction of up to 100 per cent of your council tax bill. This is known as council tax reduction. It replaces council tax benefit.

More on this topic
CT scan

CT (computed tomography) scans used to be used to help diagnose MS before the development of MRI. CT scanning is rarely used now as it is less sensitive than MRI scanning and, unlike MRI, involves doses of radiation.

More on this topic
Cyclophosphamide

Cyclophosphamide is a drug that supresses (or dampens down) the immune system. It is often given by injection to treat MS.

More on this topic

What's new?