Glossary beginning with B

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Bee venom therapy

Bee venom therapy, also known as apitherapy, is the medical use of bees or bee products to treat MS and other medical conditions. Clinical trials looking at the use of bee venom therapy to treat MS did not find any benefits.

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Benign MS

Benign MS is a label that can only be applied when looking back at the course of someone's MS over a period of at least 10 to 15 years. It applies if they have little or no disability and/or other symptoms, or their MS hasn't worsened.

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Beta interferon

Another name for interferon beta.

Synonyms: Beta-interferon

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BG-12 is a previously used name for dimethyl fumarate (brand name Tecfidera). It is a licensed tablet taken 2 or 3 times a day as a first-line treatment for people with relapsing remitting MS.

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Biomarkers are biological measures that can be detected in the body (usually the blood or urine). They can be used to diagnose, chart, and/or predict the course of a condition. Current research is focusing on discovering new biomarkers in MS that could be detected by a simple blood or urine test.

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Blind clinical trials

Blinding - either single or double - is a method used to limit bias in clinical trials. In a single blind trial the researchers know who is receiving the real treatment and who is receiving the dummy (or placebo), but the participants don't. In double blind trials, neither the researchers nor the participants know who is receiving which treatment. If participants know which treatment they are getting it might influence how they feel or report their symptoms. If researchers know which treatment a participant is receiving, it might influence how they record or view that participant's results.

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Blood brain barrier

The blood-brain-barrier is a protective layer that prevents some substances from getting out of the bloodstream and into the central nervous system (CNS). It is formed by the cells lining the blood vessels in the brain.

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Blue Badge Scheme

The Blue Badge Scheme is a national arrangement that offers special parking provision for some people with disabilities, and enables parking for either drivers or passengers closer to the required destination.

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Bone marrow

Bone marrow is the spongy tissue found in the middle of most bones. New red blood cells and some of the cells in the immune system are made in the bone marrow.

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Botox (botulinum toxin) is commonly known for its use in cosmetic procedures. However, it is also licensed for the treatment of people with MS who have an overactive bladder. It works by temporarily paralysing muscles.

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